What is Adderall?

Adderall is a stimulant medication given to sufferers of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It contains a mixture of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (1). These chemicals stimulate parts of the central nervous system that are responsible for impulse control and hyperactivity. It can also be used to treat narcolepsy. There are several risks associated with Adderall, including the fact that it can become addictive. Also, because of its many performance boosting functions, a lot of people without an Adderall prescription use the drug to help them concentrate, stay awake, and perform better. This can lead to addiction and the need for Adderall abuse treatment.

What is ADHD?

ADHD, also known as Attention Deficit Disorder, or ADD, is a behavioral disorder that affects more than 11% of children in the United States (2).

ADHD causes hyperactive, restless, and impatient behavior in sufferers, and can make it hard for them to concentrate at school or work, as well as damaging their ability to maintain friendships and get along with their peers. Most ADHD cases are diagnosed in children, although a person will continue to suffer with ADHD for the rest of their life. Symptoms generally become less severe with age, although many adults still require an Adderall prescription in order to control their hyperactivity.

What does Adderall do?
People who have ADHD find it hard to sit still, concentrate, and wait for long periods of time. In children, ADHD causes hyperactive behavior, and they may want to run around and climb on things instead of sitting down, interrupt others conversations, and take things without asking. Adult ADHD causes a person to have trouble with time-consuming tasks such as filling in forms or paying bills, forget important items, and find it hard to keep still and focused during meetings or social events. ADHD symptoms are grouped into three categories: hyperactive, impulsive, and inattentive.

Adderall works by stimulating the parts of the central nervous system that are responsible for impulsiveness and hyperactivity. An Adderall prescription allows users to become more calm and controlled, meaning that they can pay better attention at work or in classes, as well as building better relationships with their peers.
How is Adderall taken?

Adderall is prescribed in capsule form, which is swallowed whole. New patients will be prescribed a small dose of Adderall to begin the treatment, and will be regularly monitored and checked to assess the effectiveness of the medication. Doses range from 0.5 mg to 30 mg, and your doctor will increase your dose gradually as they deem necessary.

Effects of Adderall

Like any medication, Adderall can have some side effects, ranging from common and mild, to rare and severe. The most common side effects of Adderall include nausea, stomach pain, dry mouth, dizziness, headaches and insomnia. Adderall side effects can be more severe, and should be reported to a doctor if they include:

heavy or uneven heart rate
very high blood pressure, causing headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath
muscle twitches, hallucinations, or tremors
pain, numbness or skin color changes

Adderall may react with other prescription and over-the-counter medicines, which a doctor will be able to advise you on. Certain types of medication used to treat stomach acid may prevent the body from absorbing the medication, lessening the effects of Adderall.

Does my child an Adderall prescription?

There are many different symptoms of ADHD in both children and adults. The average age of diagnosis for children was 7. You can try to identify the symptoms of ADHD yourself, but only a doctor can perform an ADHD test and accurately identify whether or not a person has ADHD. Because many of the ADHD symptoms are extreme versions of the normal behaviors exhibited by children, it can be easy to mistake ordinary childhood hyperactivity and impatience for the disorder.

Once a doctor has assessed the patient and confirmed a case of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, they will then decide on an appropriate Adderall dose. This dose will start small, and will be increased in gradual increments until it has the desired effect of stabilizing the patient’s behavior.

Adderall Abuse

Adderall can only be obtained with an Adderall prescription. Despite this, many people with no ADHD symptoms are using it as a performance enhancing drug. This is particularly true of college students, who find the effects of Adderall help them revise for exams and cope with heavy workloads.

People who abuse Adderall do so because of the cognitive enhancement it creates, including:

  • more energy & ability to stay awake for longer
  • improved focus & concentrating for longer periods of time
  • improved capacity to remember details
  • greater alertness

Long-term abuse of the medication makes it more likely that Adderall side effects will be severe. Symptoms of Adderall abuse include nervousness, diarrhea, shaking, loss of appetite, and changes in sex drive. More severe symptoms can include seizures, weak or numb arms and legs, paranoia, slurred speech, and aggressive behavior. All of these symptoms are very rare in the case of people taking an Adderall prescription, because a doctor will have assessed the risks and given the appropriate dose. People indulging in Adderall abuse are more likely to experience the symptoms.

It is possible to overdose on Adderall. An Adderall overdose can be fatal, or lead to severe and long-lasting complications with a person’s heart, so the emergency services should always be contacted in the event of a suspected Adderall overdose (3).

Adderall abuse treatment

People who indulge in Adderall abuse may find they become addicted. Adderall releases many of the positive chemicals in the brain that make us feel good, which users can become highly addicted to. In this event they may need Adderall abuse treatment to help them kick their habit. Steps to Recovery have tailored Adderall abuse treatment programs to help individuals understand their desire to abuse Adderall, and to help them beat their habit. If you, or someone you know, is struggling with Adderall abuse, call us today for free help and advice.

Sources:

1http://www.drugs.com/mtm/amphetamine-and-dextroamphetamine.html
2http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html
3http://adhd.emedtv.com/adderall/adderall-overdose.html

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